textiles research topics topoi



Research Topic: "textiles"


Sheep Husbandry of Mesopotamia in the late 4th to early 3rd Millennium (A-4-4)


Based on the earliest cuneiform sources from late 4th to early 3rd millennium Southern Mesopotamia, this research project aims to provide an examination of the cuneiform evidence related to sheep husbandry, its economic significance, and its administrative aspects.


Early Wool Processing in South East and Central Europe (A-4-1-1)


In order to investigate the introduction of fleece baring sheep husbandry and the subsequent “textile revolution” the doctoral research project “Archaeological Evidence for Early Wool Processing in South East and Central Europe” was focused on examining major changes in Eneolithic textile technologies that could be associated with the proposed raw fibre material innovation

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The project focuses regionally on Western Asia with a chronological timeframe from the 7th millennium through 3rd millennium BCE. Its objective is to find direct and indirect evidence for the introduction of wool as a textile fiber and study the procuring and processing of textile raw materials. The two main strands of evidence for this dissertation thesis are published textile traces and spindle whorl data collected from 23 sites. The project is designed to identify patterns of change related to textile production on a large regional and chronological scale.


This research project is a follow-up project of the dissertation (A-4-3-1) Mid-Holocene landscape development in the Carpathian region . The project is intended to develop a synthesis of the environmental conditions in the regions of early wool economies. The results acquired so far within the Topoi research group (A-4-) The Textile Revolution will be integrated and evaluated from a geoscientific perspective.


This research project is devoted to the process of a major economic shift in sheep husbandry that by the end of the 4th millennium BC took place in South-West Asia. From that time onwards, sheep management was rather focused on fiber exploitation than on meat and milk, requiring the transformation of sheep with hairy coat to those with a woolly vlies.


Within the scope of this project, two dissertations investigated indirect archaeological evidence of textile production in two separate study areas: the Near East and the South East and Central Europe.


Out of the successful work on space-related innovations conducted by research group (A-II) Spatial effects of technological innovations and changing ways of life arose the idea to investigate an additional wide-reaching economic innovation during the late Neolithic or Copper Age from a broader disciplinary perspective: the use of sheep and the accompanying changes to textile […]

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